Intrinsic Sleep Disorders – Sleep disorders are classified into two categories and these are dyssomnias and parasomnias. Parasomnias refer to movements as well as behaviors that are linked to sleep stages, sleep, and even partial arousals that can affect your sleep. This is usually divided into four and these are sleep-wake transition disorders, arousal disorders, nonspecific parasomnias, as well as parasomnias of REM sleep.
In the case of dyssomnias, this is further categorized into three namely: intrinsic sleep disorders, extrinsic sleep disorders, and circadian-rhythm sleep disorders. Examples of intrinsic sleep disorders include obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, narcolepsy, and restless leg syndrome. Extrinsic sleep disorders include inadequate sleep hygiene, adjustment sleep disorder, and sleep onset association disorder. As for the circadian rhythm disorders, it includes jet lag, irregular sleep-wake disorder, and shift-work sleep disorder.
Patients who are suffering from sleep disorders are most likely to be looking at their condition to determine the best approach to alleviate the symptoms. Like it was mentioned before, sleep disorders are usually categorized into two with each category further broken down into other types. Here are a few examples of common intrinsic sleep disorders that affect a lot of people.
Patients who are diagnosed with insomnia are those who are not getting enough sleep. This may be due to having difficulty in sleeping, having a hard time staying asleep, or that the quality of your sleep isn’t good. This is common in women than in men. This can lead to daytime sleepiness. There are different types of insomnia such as acute insomnia, psychophysiological insomnia, and idiopathic insomnia.
Obstructive sleep apnea
This example of intrinsic sleep disorder refers to someone who snores heavily. Apnea is the term used to refer to a person’s cessation of breathing while obstructive sleep apnea describes how a person’s breathing stops regularly while they are asleep because there is an obstruction in their airway. This is common in men who are in their middle age and are overweight.
Restless leg syndrome
This condition among the most common types of intrinsic sleep disorders which usually happen during wakefulness and may prevent you from going back to sleep. This is usually hereditary wherein a person experiences abnormal or even uncomfortable sensations running up and down their legs.
This is usually characterized by uncontrolled daytime sleepiness where REM sleep is initiated while the person is awake. Other symptoms that are linked to this intrinsic sleep disorder are sleep paralysis or visual hallucinations or auditory while a person is falling asleep.
Now that you have an idea of intrinsic sleep disorder definition, and examples of its condition, the question now is, how will you be able to deal with these disorders? Let’s find out.
Those who are suffering from sleep apnea may use CPAP or continuous positive airway pressure to make them breathe better at night.
Insomnia patients may be given sleep medications in order for them to fall asleep. Your doctor should be the one to prescribe this to determine dosage and the duration of intake as constant use can affect your circadian rhythm.
Elevate your head
If you are suffering from sleep apnea, your sleeping position needs to be corrected. Propping your head with pillows can help open up the airways or you might want to invest on adjustable beds.
In the case of insomnia or narcolepsy, a sleep specialist may recommend a cognitive therapy or sleep therapy to help you get into the right frame of mind or position to get a good night’s sleep.
Having intrinsic sleep disorders can affect your sleep in more ways than one. if you want to protect yourself from becoming too sleepy in the morning, you might want to consider the different sleep disorders and learn how to avoid them.